FLOOD - A flood is an abnormal progressive rise in the water level of streams or rivers which may result in overflowing. Floods in the Caribbean can often be caused by heavy rainfall, dam or levee failures, tsunamis, storm surges or burst water mains.
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What is a flood plain?

A flood plain is a naturally-occurring feature near a river or creek that floods from time to time.

What is a flash flood?

A sudden or extreme volume of water, which flows rapidly. Flash floods usually result from large amounts of rain falling in a brief period. They occur with little or no warning and can become quite powerful within a few minutes.

How do I know if I qualify for flood insurance?

Contact your insurance company for more information. It will be difficult or unlikely to qualify for flood insurance if you like a flood prone area. Find out more about what zone you are in.

How do I sanitize water before use?

If you do become ill, after consuming water which may have been contaminated seek medical attention immediately!
DO NOT use water to drink, wash dishes, brush your teeth, wash or prepare food or make ice until you are sure that it is not contaminated.
After a flood use only bottled or boiled water. Boiling water kills bacteria, viruses and parasites. Bring the water to the boil and allow to cool before drinking. Boiled water may be stored in the fridge. To decontaminate water add 4 drops of bleach per qt of water.

What should I do if electrical equipment gets wet?

If your house floods, do not use electrical equipment until you are sure that your home is completely dry. Before plugging in any electrical devices, please have your electrical supply checked by a qualified electrician. All devices particularly kitchen equipment should be properly sanitized using bleach or a suitable disinfectant.

Can anything be done to prevent flooding?

Natural occurences are beyond our control, but there are a few things that can be done to minimize the effects, such as ensuring that drains are clear to allow water to flow freely, implementing new drainage for areas which have poor or little drainage areas available, and building levees to help prevent the overflow or water into surrounding areas should the water level or neighboring rivers rise.

What is flood mitigation?

Flood mitigation refers to the measures taken to prevent or minimize flood risks. These efforts generally include zoning, subdivision, rules for building etc.

What is a flood watch?

This is an advisory which is issued when conditions favorable for flooding begin to threaten a certain area.

If there is a flood warning and I live in flood prone area, what do I do?

Find a safe place to go (family/friend’s home), and take your important documents with you. Or locate your nearest evacuation centre and plan a route there that is least prone to flooding.



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12 inches of water can cause you to lose control of your vehicle.
New land development can increase flood risk, especially if the construction changes natural runoff paths.
In cases of severe flooding, water can take weeks to subside.
Large volumes of water can cause roadbeds to collapse.
Deforestation can cause flooding.
Flooding is the most common natural hazard.
Flash-flooding can occur within minutes.
Dams and levees are built to prevent flooding.
Flooding can cause millions of dollars in damage.
6 inches of moving water can sweep you off your feet.
Oil, and other chemicals carried in floodwaters can ruin crops and be hazardous to your health
When soil gets saturated with water, landslides may occur
More people die from drowning in fresh water floods during a hurricane or storm, than from any other cause.