HURRICANE - A hurricane is a tropical cyclone in which the maximum average wind speed near a centre or eye exceeds 74 mph or 119 Km/h.
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Term Definition
High Pressure System

An area of relative pressure maximum that has diverging winds and a rotation opposite to the earth's rotation. This is clockwise in the Northern Disaster Information Kit for the Caribbean Media Page 29 Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. Also known as an anticyclone, it is the opposite of an area of low pressure or a cyclone.


The amount of water vapor in the air.


A tropical cyclone in the Northern Hemisphere with sustained winds of at least 119 kph (74 mph) or greater in the North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea or Gulf of Mexico. These winds blow in a large spiral around a relatively calm center of extremely low pressure known as the eye. Around the rim of the eye, winds may gust to more than 200 miles per hour. The entire storm, which can be up to 550 kilometers (340 miles) in diameter, dominates the ocean surface and lower atmosphere over tens of thousands of square miles. Hurricanes draw their energy from the warm surface water of the tropics (usually above 27 Celsius) and latent heat of condensation, which explains why hurricanes dissipate rapidly once they move over cold water or large land masses.

Hurricane Advisory

Notice, issued by the local meteorological office or national disaster management office, numbered consecutively for each storm, describing the present and forecasted position and intensity. Advisories are issued at six-hour intervals at midnight, 5 am, 11 am, 5 pm and 11 pm Eastern Caribbean Time. Bulletins provide additional information. Each message gives the name, eye position, intensity and forecast movement of the storm. Advisories will be issued every three hours if the hurricane is close to land.

Hurricane Eye

The relatively calm area near the center of the storm. In this area, winds are light and the sky is often partly covered by clouds.

Hurricane Eye Landfall

When the eye, or physical center of the hurricane, reaches the coastline from the hurricane's approach over water.

Hurricane Hunters

The 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron of the U.S. Air Force Reserve, based out of Keesler Air Force Base in Biloxi, Mississippi. As a part of the 403rd Air Wing, the crew flies Lockheed WC-130 aircraft into tropical storms and hurricanes to gather meteorological data for the National Hurricane Center.

Hurricane Season

The portion of the year having a relatively high incidence of hurricanes. The hurricane season in the Atlantic, Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico runs from June 1 to November 30.

Hurricane Track

Line of movement (propagation) of the eye through an area.

Aliases (separate with |): Hurricane Path
Hurricane Warning

A warning added to a hurricane advisory that sustained winds of 119 kph (74 mph) or higher associated with a hurricane are expected in a specified coastal area within 24 hours or less. A hurricane warning can remain in effect when dangerously high water or a combination of dangerously high water and exceptionally high waves continue, even though winds may be less than hurricane force. A warning is used to inform the public and marine interests of the storm's location, intensity, and movement.

Hurricane Watch

An announcement added to a hurricane advisory that hurricane conditions pose a possible threat to a specified coastal area within 36 hours. A watch is used to inform the public and marine interests of the storm's location, intensity, and movement.

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Hurricane season in the Atlantic lasts from June 1st to November 30th.
Tropical storms are given male and female names because this makes them easier to track. Before 1979 though, they only had female names.
A tropical storm becomes a hurricane when its winds reach 74 mph or higher.
Hurricanes are grouped into 5 categories according to their strength. Category 5 hurricanes are the strongest.
The “eye” is the centre of the hurricane and is the calmest part.
Slow moving hurricanes produce more rain and can cause more damage from flooding.
Putting tape on windows and glass will not stop them from breaking during a hurricane.
The word hurricane comes from the word Hurakan. Hurakan is the name of the Mayan god of wind and fire.